Southern National Bancorp
Southern National Bancorp of Virginia Inc (Form: 10-Q, Received: 05/14/2009 09:13:15)
Table of Contents

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

 

FORM 10-Q

 

 

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE

SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the Quarterly Period Ended March 31, 2009

Commission File No. 001-33037

 

 

SOUTHERN NATIONAL BANCORP OF VIRGINIA, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

 

 

Virginia   20-1417448

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification No.)

6830 Old Dominion Drive

McLean, Virginia 22101

(Address of principal executive offices) (zip code)

(703) 893-7400

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.

YES   x             NO   ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).

YES   ¨             NO   ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definition of “large accelerated filer”, “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b–2 of the Exchange Act:

 

Large accelerated filer   ¨    Accelerated filer   ¨
Non-accelerated filer   x   (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)    Smaller reporting company   ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes   ¨     No   x

As of April 30, 2009, there were 6,798,547 shares of common stock outstanding.

 

 

 


Table of Contents

SOUTHERN NATIONAL BANCORP OF VIRGINIA, INC.

FORM 10-Q

March 31, 2009

INDEX

 

     PAGE
PART 1 – FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1 – Financial Statements

  

Consolidated Balance Sheets as of March 31, 2009 and December 31, 2008

   2

Consolidated Statements of Income and Comprehensive Income for the three months ended March 31, 2009 and 2008

   3

Consolidated Statements of Changes in Stockholders’ Equity for the three months ended March 31, 2009

   4

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the three months ended March 31, 2009 and 2008

   5

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

   6–16

Item 2 – Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

   17–26

Item 3 – Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk

   27–29

Item 4 – Controls and Procedures

   30
PART II – OTHER INFORMATION

Item 1 – Legal Proceedings

   30

Item 1A – Risk Factors

   30

Item 6 – Exhibits

   30

Signatures

   31


Table of Contents

ITEM I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION

PART I - FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

SOUTHERN NATIONAL BANCORP OF VIRGINIA, INC.

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(dollars in thousands) (Unaudited)

 

     March 31,
2009
    December 31,
2008
 
      

ASSETS

    

Cash and cash equivalents:

    

Cash and due from financial institutions

   $ 1,908     $ 1,506  

Interest-bearing deposits in other financial institutions

     2,543       13,256  
                

Total cash and cash equivalents

     4,451       14,762  
                

Securities available for sale, at fair value

     5,468       15,633  
                

Securities held to maturity, at amortized cost (fair value of $47,033 and $48,784, respectively)

     60,165       59,326  
                

Loans, net of unearned income

     318,293       302,266  

Less allowance for loan losses

     (4,460 )     (4,218 )
                

Net loans

     313,833       298,048  
                

Stock in Federal Reserve Bank and Federal Home Loan Bank

     4,188       4,041  

Bank premises and equipment, net

     3,503       3,598  

Goodwill

     8,713       8,713  

Core deposit intangibles, net

     2,959       3,141  

Bank-owned life insurance

     13,582       13,435  

Other real estate owned

     3,476       3,434  

Deferred tax assets, net

     4,835       4,813  

Other assets

     2,840       2,980  
                

Total assets

   $ 428,013     $ 431,924  
                

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

    

Noninterest-bearing demand deposits

   $ 21,511     $ 23,219  

Interest-bearing deposits:

    

NOW accounts

     7,684       8,472  

Money market accounts

     47,274       51,040  

Savings accounts

     2,092       1,912  

Time deposits

     224,284       224,817  
                

Total interest-bearing deposits

     281,334       286,241  
                

Total deposits

     302,845       309,460  
                

Securities sold under agreements to repurchase and other short-term borrowings

     23,379       20,890  

Federal Home Loan Bank (FHLB) advances

     30,000       30,000  

Other liabilities

     2,519       2,798  
                

Total liabilities

     358,743       363,148  
                

Commitments and contingencies

     —         —    

Stockholders’ equity:

    

Common stock, $.01 par value. Authorized 45,000,000 shares; issued and outstanding, 6,798,547 shares at March 31, 2009 and December 31, 2008

     68       68  

Additional paid in capital

     69,528       69,516  

Retained earnings

     2,223       1,697  

Accumulated other comprehensive loss

     (2,549 )     (2,505 )
                

Total stockholders’ equity

     69,270       68,776  
                

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity

   $ 428,013     $ 431,924  
                

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

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SOUTHERN NATIONAL BANCORP OF VIRGINIA, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME AND COMPREHENSIVE INCOME

(dollars in thousands, except per share amounts) (Unaudited)

 

     For the Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
     2009    2008  

Interest and dividend income:

     

Interest and fees on loans

   $ 4,604    $ 5,231  

Interest and dividends on taxable securities

     782      1,106  

Interest and dividends on other earning assets

     40      76  
               

Total interest and dividend income

     5,426      6,413  
               

Interest expense:

     

Interest on deposits

     2,067      2,777  

Interest on borrowings

     313      416  
               

Total interest expense

     2,380      3,193  
               

Net interest income

     3,046      3,220  
               

Provision for loan losses

     480      452  
               

Net interest income after provision for loan losses

     2,566      2,768  
               

Noninterest income:

     

Account maintenance and deposit service fees

     132      116  

Income from bank-owned life insurance

     148      145  

Net gain (loss) on other real estate owned

     87      (175 )

Gain on securities

     223      —    

Other

     4      35  
               

Total noninterest income

     594      121  
               

Noninterest expenses:

     

Salaries and benefits

     1,063      970  

Occupancy expenses

     387      342  

Furniture and equipment expenses

     121      124  

Amortization of core deposit intangible

     182      182  

Virginia franchise tax expense

     141      137  

FDIC assessment

     174      49  

Data processing expense

     80      65  

Telephone and communication expense

     65      60  

Other operating expenses

     220      283  
               

Total noninterest expenses

     2,433      2,212  
               

Income before income taxes

     727      677  

Income tax expense

     201      176  
               

Net income

   $ 526    $ 501  
               

Comprehensive income

   $ 482    $ 230  
               

Earnings per share, basic and diluted

   $ 0.08    $ 0.07  
               

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

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SOUTHERN NATIONAL BANCORP OF VIRGINIA, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

FOR THE THREE MONTHS ENDED MARCH 31, 2009

(dollars in thousands, except per share amounts) (Unaudited)

 

     Common
Stock
   Additional
Paid in
Capital
   Retained
Earnings
   Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Loss
    Comprehensive
Income
    Total  

Balance - January 1, 2009

   $ 68    $ 69,516    $ 1,697    $ (2,505 )     $ 68,776  

Comprehensive income:

               

Net income

           526      $ 526       526  

Stock-based compensation expense

        12             12  

Change in unrealized gain on available for sale securities (net of tax, $22)

              (44 )     (44 )     (44 )
                     

Total comprehensive income

              $ 482    
                     
               
                                       

Balance - March 31, 2009

   $ 68    $ 69,528    $ 2,223    $ (2,549 )     $ 69,270  
                                       

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

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SOUTHERN NATIONAL BANCORP OF VIRGINIA, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

FOR THE THREE MONTHS ENDED MARCH 31, 2009 AND 2008

(dollars in thousands) (Unaudited)

 

     2009     2008  

Operating activities:

    

Net income

   $ 526     $ 501  

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash and cash equivalents provided by operating activities:

    

Depreciation

     129       131  

Amortization , net

     177       127  

Provision for loan losses

     480       452  

Earnings on bank-owned life insurance

     (148 )     (145 )

Stock based compensation expense

     12       7  

Gain on securities

     (223 )     —    

Net (gain) loss on other real estate owned

     (87 )     175  

Net (increase) decrease in other assets

     98       (149 )

Net increase (decrease) in other liabilities

     (279 )     534  
                

Net cash and cash equivalents provided by operating activities

     685       1,633  
                

Investing activities:

    

Proceeds from sales of securities available for sale

     9,852       —    

Proceeds from paydowns, maturities and calls of securities available for sale

     461       1,667  

Purchases of securities held to maturity

     (4,210 )     (5,470 )

Proceeds from paydowns, maturities and calls of securities held to maturity

     3,429       2,408  

Loan originations and payments, net

     (16,545 )     (13,834 )

Net increase in stock in Federal Reserve Bank and Federal Home Loan Bank

     (147 )     (225 )

Proceeds from sale of other real estate owned

     324       277  

Purchases of bank premises and equipment

     (34 )     (90 )
                

Net cash and cash equivalents used in investing activities

     (6,870 )     (15,267 )
                

Financing activities:

    

Net increase (decrease) in deposits

     (6,615 )     20,934  

Proceeds from Federal Home Loan Bank advances

     —         5,000  

Net increase (decrease) in securities sold under agreement to repurchase and other short-term borrowings

     2,489       (4,028 )
                

Net cash and cash equivalents provided by (used in) financing activities

     (4,126 )     21,906  
                

Increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents

     (10,311 )     8,272  

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period

     14,762       1,308  
                

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period

   $ 4,451     $ 9,580  
                

Supplemental Disclosure of Cash Flow Information

    

Cash payments for:

    

Interest

   $ 2,855     $ 2,951  

Income taxes

     —         150  

Supplemental schedule of noncash investing and financing activities

    

Transfer from loans to other real estate owned

     280       84  

Acquisition of fixed assets related to Leesburg Branch

     —         501  

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

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SOUTHERN NATIONAL BANCORP OF VIRGINIA, INC.

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)

March 31, 2009

 

1. ACCOUNTING POLICIES

Southern National Bancorp of Virginia, Inc. (“SNBV”) is a corporation formed on July 28, 2004 under the laws of the Commonwealth of Virginia and is the holding company for Sonabank (“Sonabank”) a national bank chartered on April 14, 2005, under the laws of the United States of America. On January 1, 2009, Sonabank changed from a nationally chartered bank to a state chartered bank and moved its headquarters from Charlottesville to McLean, Virginia. Going forward, Sonabank will be regulated by the State Corporation Commission of Virginia and the Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond. Currently, all of the communities served by Sonabank are located in Virginia, and Sonabank does very little lending outside Virginia. The principal activities of Sonabank are to attract deposits and originate loans as permitted under applicable banking regulations. Sonabank conducts full-service banking operations in Charlottesville, Clifton Forge, Leesburg, Warrenton and Fairfax County in Virginia.

The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Southern National Bancorp of Virginia, Inc. and its subsidiary. Significant inter-company accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.

The unaudited consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with U. S. generally accepted accounting principles (“U. S. GAAP”) for interim financial information and instructions for Form 10-Q and follow general practice within the banking industry. Accordingly, the unaudited consolidated financial statements do not include all of the information and footnotes required by U. S. GAAP for complete financial statements. However, in the opinion of management, all adjustments (consisting only of normal recurring accruals) necessary for a fair presentation of the results of the interim periods presented have been made. The results of operations for the interim periods are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the full year. For further information, refer to the consolidated financial statements and footnotes thereto included in SNBV’s Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2008.

Use of Estimates

The preparation of the consolidated financial statements in conformity with U. S. generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from these estimates. Material estimates that are particularly susceptible to significant change in the near term relate to the determination of the allowance for loan losses, the carrying value of investment securities, other than temporary impairment of investment securities, the valuation of goodwill and intangible assets, mortgage servicing rights, other real estate owned and deferred tax assets.

Reclassifications

Some items in the prior year financial statements were reclassified to conform to the current presentation.

 

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Recent Accounting Pronouncements

In April 2009, the FASB issued Staff Position No. 157-4, Determining Fair Value When the Volume and Level of Activity for the Asset or Liability Have Significantly Decreased and Identifying Transactions That Are Not Orderly, (FSP FAS 157-4). This FASB Staff Position (FSP) provides additional guidance for estimating fair value in accordance with FASB Statement No. 157, Fair Value Measurements, when the volume and level of activity for the asset or liability have significantly decreased. It also includes guidance on identifying circumstances that indicate a transaction is not orderly. This FSP is shall be effective for interim and annual reporting periods ending after June 15, 2009. Management is in the process of evaluating the impact of this FSP on our results of operations and financial position.

In April 2009, the FASB issued FSP FAS 115-2, Recognition and Presentation of Other-Than-Temporary Impairments. This FSP amends the other-than-temporary impairment guidance in U. S. GAAP for debt securities to make the guidance more operational and to improve the presentation and disclosure of other-than-temporary impairments on debt and equity securities in the financial statements. One change to current practice relates to management’s assertion regarding recovery of fair value declines. Currently, when determining whether an impairment is other-than-temporary, an entity must assess whether it has the intent and ability to hold a security until recovery of its cost basis. Under this FSP, an entity must assess whether it intends to sell the security or if it is more likely than not that it will be required to sell the security prior to recovery. If the entity does not intend to sell the security or if it is more likely than not that it will not be required to sell the security before its anticipated recovery, then all available evidence should be considered to estimate the anticipated period over which the cost basis of the security is expected to recover. If the entity does not anticipate recovery of its cost basis, an other-than-temporary impairment should be considered to have occurred and the credit loss component should be recognized in earnings and the other components should be recognized in other comprehensive income. Both the credit and noncredit components will be presented in the income statement. The total other-than-temporary impairment charge will be reduced by the amount recognized in other comprehensive income. This FSP shall be applied to existing and new investments held by an entity as of the beginning of the interim period in which it is adopted. For debt securities held at the beginning of the interim period of adoption for which an other-than-temporary impairment was previously recognized, if an entity does not intend to sell and it is not more likely than not that the entity will be required to sell the security before recovery of its amortized cost basis, the entity shall recognize the cumulative effect of initially applying this FSP as an adjustment to the opening balance of retained earnings with a corresponding adjustment to accumulated other comprehensive income. This FSP is shall be effective for interim and annual reporting periods ending after June 15, 2009. Management is in the process of evaluating the impact of this FSP on our results of operations and financial position.

Also in April 2009, FASB issued FSP FAS 107-1 and APB 28-1, Interim Disclosures about Fair Value of Financial Instruments. This FSP amends FASB Statement No. 107, Disclosures about Fair Value of Financial Instruments, to require disclosures about fair value of financial instruments for interim reporting periods of publicly traded companies as well as in annual financial statements. This FSP also amends APB Opinion No. 28, Interim Financial Reporting, to require those disclosures in summarized financial information at interim reporting periods. This FSP is shall be effective for interim and annual reporting periods ending after June 15, 2009. Management is in the process of evaluating the impact of this FSP on our results of operations and financial position.

 

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2. STOCK- BASED COMPENSATION

In 2004, the Board of Directors adopted a stock options plan that authorized the reservation of up to 302,500 shares of common stock and provided for the granting of stock options to certain directors, officers and employees. The options granted to officers and employees are incentive stock options and the options granted to non-employee directors are non-qualified stock options. The purpose of the plan is to afford key employees an incentive to remain in the employ of SNBV and to assist in the attracting and retaining of non-employee directors by affording them an opportunity to share in SNBV’s future success. Under the plans, the options price cannot be less than the fair market value of the stock on the grant date. The maximum term of the options is ten years and options granted may be subject to a graded vesting schedule.

SNBV granted 41,500 options during the first quarter of 2009. The fair value of each option granted is estimated on the date of grant using the Black-Scholes options-pricing model. The following weighted-average assumptions were used to value options granted in the three months ended March 31, 2009:

 

Dividend yield

     0.00 %

Expected life

     10 years  

Expected volatility

     25.17 %

Risk-free interest rate

     2.70 %

Weighted average fair value per option granted

   $ 2.23  

 

   

We have paid no dividends.

 

   

Due to SNBV’s short existence, the volatility was estimated using historical volatility of comparative publicly traded financial institutions in the Virginia market for periods approximating the expected option life.

 

   

The risk-free interest rate was developed using the U. S. Treasury yield curve for periods equal to the expected life of the options on the grant date. An increase in the risk-free interest rate will increase stock compensation expense on future option grants.

For the three months ended March 31, 2009 and 2008, stock-based compensation expense was $12 thousand and $7 thousand, respectively. As of March 31, 2009, unrecognized compensation expense associated with the stock options was $205 thousand which is expected to be recognized over a weighted average period of 4.2 years.

 

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A summary of the activity in the stock option plan during the three months ended March 31, 2009 follows:

 

     Shares    Weighted
Average

Exercise
Price
   Weighted
Average
Remaining
Contractual

Term
   Aggregate
Intrinsic

Value

Options outstanding, beginning of period

   212,925    $ 9.23      

Granted

   41,500      5.50      

Forfeited

   —        —        

Exercised

   —        —        
             

Options outstanding, end of period

   254,425    $ 8.62    7.2    $ 41
                       

Vested or expected to vest

   254,425    $ 8.62    7.2    $ 41

Exercisable at end of period

   177,885    $ 9.15    6.3    $ —  

 

3. SECURITIES

The fair value of available for sale securities and the related gross unrealized gains and losses recognized in accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) were as follows (in thousands):

 

March 31, 2009

   Fair
Value
   Gross Unrealized  
      Gains    Losses  

Mortgage-backed securities

   $ 5,438    $ 74    $ —    

FHLMC preferred stock

     30      6      —    
                      

Total

   $ 5,468    $ 80    $ —    
                      

December 31, 2008

   Fair
Value
   Gross Unrealized  
      Gains    Losses  

Mortgage-backed securities

   $ 15,609    $ 243    $ (65 )

FHLMC preferred stock

     24      —        —    
                      

Total

   $ 15,633    $ 243    $ (65 )
                      

The carrying amount, unrecognized gains and losses, and fair value of securities held to maturity were as follows (in thousands):

 

March 31, 2009

   Carrying
Amount
   Gross Unrecognized     Fair
Value
      Gains    Losses    

Mortgage-backed securities

   $ 36,929    $ 1,170    $ (2 )   $ 38,097

Collateralized mortgage obligations

     4,127      11      (1,241 )     2,897

Corporate Bonds

     19,109      —        (13,070 )     6,039
                            
   $ 60,165    $ 1,181    $ (14,313 )   $ 47,033
                            

December 31, 2008

   Carrying
Amount
   Gross Unrecognized     Fair
Value
      Gains    Losses    

Mortgage-backed securities

   $ 34,924    $ 783    $ (71 )   $ 35,636

Collateralized mortgage obligations

     5,282      15      (834 )     4,463

Corporate Bonds

     19,120      —        (10,435 )     8,685
                            
   $ 59,326    $ 798    $ (11,340 )   $ 48,784
                            

 

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During the quarter ended March 31, 2009, we sold $9.9 million of available-for-sale mortgage-backed securities resulting in a gross gain of $223 thousand. There were no sales of securities during the first quarter of 2008. The tax provision related to the 2009 realized gain was $76 thousand.

Securities with a carrying amount of approximately $46.5 million and $55.8 million at March 31, 2009 and December 31, 2008, respectively, were pledged to secure public deposits, repurchase agreements and a line of credit for advances from the Federal Home Loan Bank of Atlanta (“FHLB”).

SNBV monitors the portfolio which is subject to liquidity needs, market rate changes and credit risk changes to see if adjustments are needed. As outlined in the table below, there are 13 securities with stated maturities totaling approximately $8.1 million in the portfolio that are considered temporarily impaired at March 31, 2009. Management has concluded that the fair value is expected to recover as the securities approach their maturity date and/or market conditions improve, and management has the positive intent and ability to hold to recovery. All the securities continue to perform according to the contractual terms except for MMCF XVIII which has deferred interest payments (see discussion in subsequent paragraphs). The following tables present information regarding securities in a continuous unrealized loss position as of March 31, 2009 and December 31, 2008 (in thousands) by duration of time in a loss position:

 

       Less than 12 months     12 Months or More     Total  

March 31, 2009

   Fair value    Unrealized
Losses
    Fair value    Unrealized
Losses
    Fair value    Unrealized
Losses
 

Mortgage-backed securities

   $ 907    $ (2 )   $ —      $ —       $ 907    $ (2 )

Collateralized mortgage obligations

     1,118      (1,241 )     —        —         1,118      (1,241 )

Corporate bonds

     —        —         6,039      (13,070 )     6,039      (13,070 )
                                             
   $ 2,025    $ (1,243 )   $ 6,039    $ (13,070 )   $ 8,064    $ (14,313 )
                                             

 

       Less than 12 months     12 Months or More     Total  

December 31, 2008

   Fair value    Unrealized
Losses
    Fair value    Unrealized
Losses
    Fair value    Unrealized
Losses
 

Mortgage-backed securities

   $ 9,372    $ (136 )   $ —      $ —       $ 9,372    $ (136 )

Collateralized mortgage obligations

     1,676      (834 )     —        —         1,676      (834 )

Corporate bonds

     4,028      (3,860 )     4,657      (6,575 )     8,685      (10,435 )
                                             
   $ 15,076    $ (4,830 )   $ 4,657    $ (6,575 )   $ 19,733    $ (11,405 )
                                             

As of March 31, 2009, we owned pooled trust preferred securities as follows:

 

     Ratings
When Purchased
   Current Ratings    Par Value    Book Value    Estimated
Fair
Value
   Estimated
Incremental
Defaults
Required to
Adversely Impact

Cash Flows

Security

   Moody’s    Fitch    Moody’s    Fitch            
                              (in thousands)     

ALESCO VII A1B

   Aaa    AAA    A3    AA    $ 8,863    $ 7,845    $ 2,926    $ 302,000

MMCF II B

   A3    AA-    Baa2    BBB      612      559      288      25,200

MMCF III B

   A3    A-    Baa3    B      720      702      339      37,100

TPREF FUNDING II

   A1    A-    Caa3    CC      1,500      1,297      314      59,700

ALESCO V C1

   A2    A    Ca    CC      2,000      1,678      414      37,100

ALESCO XV C1

   A3    A-    Ca    CC      3,000      1,983      467      66,300

ALESCO XVI C

   A3    A-    Ca    CC      2,000      1,521      305      44,900

TRAP 2007-XII C1

   A3    A    Ca    CC      2,000      1,405      349      87,627

TRAP 2007-XIII D

   NR    A-    NR    C      2,000      1,369      498      66,002

MMC FUNDING XVIII

   A3    A-    Ca    C      1,014      750      139      40,900
                                   
               $ 23,709    $ 19,109    $ 6,039   
                                   

 

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All but one of the trust preferred securities owned by Sonabank continue to pay principal and interest in accordance with the contractual terms of the securities. MMC Funding XVIII reported new deferrals which caused a failure in the Class A/B Principal Coverage Test in the fourth quarter of 2008. When this happens the cash flows to the lower classes are temporarily suspended and used to pay down the principal of the senior classes in order to restore the over-collateralization levels of the senior classes. The bonds will continue to accrue interest, but it will be capitalized rather than paid in cash, also known as payment in kind. Interest will be earned on the capitalized interest. Once the senior class coverage test is satisfied, the lower classes will begin to receive current interest as well as capitalized interest. Accordingly, we did not receive the interest payment on MMC Funding XVIII in December 2008 since the deferrals are handled as payments in kind. We did receive a partial interest payment of $4 thousand on this security in March 2009.

Management has evaluated each of these securities for potential impairment under EITF 99-20-1 and has reviewed each of the issues’ collateral participants using various techniques including the ratings provided in the Bank Financial Quarterly published by IDC Financial Publishing, Inc. Management has also reviewed the interest and principal coverage of each of the tranches it owns. We have received analyses from outside analysts to estimate the amount of additional defaults/deferrals it would take to adversely impact the expected cash flows for each security. These cash flow models assume that all existing and additional defaults/deferrals are immediate and have a recovery rate ranging from 0% to 10%. Based on our review of the collateral participants, we do not project future defaults/deferrals to exceed the amount of incremental defaults required to adversely impact cash flows. We believe that the risk of prepayments is extremely low, and the impact on existing cushions would be minimal. While further deterioration in the entire banking sector is possible, at this time the issues we own have cushions above the expected defaults or deferrals and are generating cash flows so that it is probable that we will receive all contractual cash flows, and we have determined that an other than temporary impairment does not exist.

Trust preferred securities which are issued by financial institutions and insurance companies are classified as held-to-maturity securities. The decline in the level of observable inputs and market activity in this class of investments by the measurement date has been significant and resulted in unreliable external pricing. Broker pricing and bid/ask spreads, when available, vary widely. The once active market has become comparatively inactive. As such, management utilized guidance in FSP FAS 157-3 to value these securities. The pricing for these securities utilized a discount rate from the Bloomberg Fair Value Index yield curve for single issuer trust preferred securities with similar ratings, interest rates and maturity dates (an observable input). In addition a liquidity premium was utilized to take into account liquidity risk (a management estimate and thus an unobservable input). Due to current market conditions as well as the limited trading activity of these securities, the market value of the securities is highly sensitive to assumption changes and market volatility.

We also own $2.4 million of the SARM 2005-22 1A2. This CMO is still rated AAA by Standard and Poors but was downgraded to BBB by Fitch during the fourth quarter of 2008. This security was originated in 2005. The average FICO score of the underlying loans at origination was 748. As of March 31, 2009, delinquencies of more than 60 days, foreclosures, REO and bankruptcies totaled 23.2% compared to 21.5% at December 31, 2008. However, credit support is 14.9 compared to 14 when originally issued, which provides coverage of 1.87 times projected losses in the collateral. The fair market value is $1.1 million. We have evaluated this security for potential impairment under EITF 99-20-1 and determined that an other than temporary impairment does not exist.

 

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We own 80,000 shares of the Freddie Mac perpetual preferred stock Series V. We have recorded total OTTI charges on this security of $1.976 million during 2008 and 2007. The fair value at March 31, 2009 was $30 thousand.

 

4. LOANS AND ALLOWANCE FOR LOAN LOSSES

The following table summarizes the composition of our loan portfolio as of March 31, 2009 and December 31, 2008:

 

     March 31, 2009     December 31, 2008  
     (dollars in thousands)  

Mortgage loans on real estate:

    

Commercial

   $ 114,420     $ 104,866  

Construction loans to residential builders

     4,417       4,752  

Other construction and land loans

     43,806       51,836  

Residential 1-4 family

     65,502       60,376  

Multi- family residential

     7,514       5,581  

Home equity lines of credit

     12,239       11,509  
                

Total real estate loans

     247,898       238,920  

Commercial loans

     67,509       60,820  

Consumer loans

     3,425       3,074  
                

Gross loans

     318,832       302,814  

Less unearned income on loans

     (539 )     (548 )
                

Loans, net of unearned income

   $ 318,293     $ 302,266  
                

The following summarizes activity in the allowance for loan losses for the three months ended March 31, 2009 and 2008 (in thousands):

 

     2009     2008  

Balance, beginning of period

   $ 4,218     $ 3,476  

Provision charged to operations

     480       452  

Recoveries credited to allowance

     2       7  
                

Total

     4,700       3,935  

Loans charged off

     (240 )     (80 )
                

Balance, end of period

   $ 4,460     $ 3,855  
                

Loans identified as impaired in accordance with SFAS 114 totaled $1.3 million as of March 31, 2009. This compares to $974 thousand of impaired loans at December 31, 2008. The increase in impaired loans since December 31, 2008, is attributable to the impairment during the first quarter of 2009 of two residential mortgage loans totaling $617 thousand offset by one loan in the amount of $304 thousand which is now current and no longer considered impaired. Nonaccrual loans were $1.2 million and $1.1 million at March 31, 2009 and December 31, 2008, respectively. At March 31, 2009, there were no loans past due 90 days or more and accruing interest, and there was one loan in the amount of $135 thousand past due 90 days or more and accruing interest at December 31, 2008.

 

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5. FEDERAL HOME LOAN BANK (FHLB) ADVANCES

Advances from the FHLB consist of the following (in thousands):

 

     March 31, 2009    December 31, 2008

FHLB fixed rate advance maturing January 2010 with a rate of 2.82%

   $ 5,000    $ 5,000

FHLB convertible advances maturing from August 2012 through October 2012 with fixed rates from 3.86% to 4.20%, and a weighted average interest rate of 4.05% (1)

     25,000      25,000
             

Total FHLB advances

   $ 30,000    $ 30,000
             

 

(1) These advances have a five year maturity and are convertible to adjustable rate advances at the option of the FHLB of Atlanta after the first year and quarterly thereafter. If converted, the adjustable rate advances will be priced at a spread to 3-month LIBOR.

 

6. FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS WITH OFF-BALANCE SHEET RISK

SNBV is a party to financial instruments with off-balance sheet risk in the normal course of business to meet the financing needs of its customers. These financial instruments include commitments to extend credit and standby letters of credit. These instruments involve elements of credit and funding risk in excess of the amount recognized in the consolidated balance sheet. Letters of credit are written conditional commitments issued by SNBV to guarantee the performance of a customer to a third party. The credit risk involved in issuing letters of credit is essentially the same as that involved in extending loans to customers. We had letters of credit outstanding totaling $1.6 million as of March 31, 2009 and December 31, 2008.

Our exposure to credit loss in the event of nonperformance by the other party to the financial instruments for commitments to extend credit and letters of credit is based on the contractual amount of these instruments. We use the same credit policies in making commitments and conditional obligations as we do for on-balance sheet instruments.

Commitments to extend credit are agreements to lend to a customer as long as there is no violation of any condition established in the contract. Commitments are made predominately for adjustable rate loans, and generally have fixed expiration dates of up to three months or other termination clauses and usually require payment of a fee. Since many of the commitments may expire without being completely drawn upon, the total commitment amounts do not necessarily represent future cash requirements. We evaluate each customer’s creditworthiness on a case-by-case basis.

At March 31, 2009 and December 31, 2008, we had unfunded lines of credit and undisbursed construction loan funds totaling $38.5 million and $39.0 million, respectively. Our approved loan commitments were $2.3 million and $2.1 million at March 31, 2009 and December 31, 2008, respectively.

 

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7. EARNINGS PER SHARE

The following is a reconciliation of the denominators of the basic and diluted earnings per share (“EPS”) computations (dollars in thousands, except per share data):

 

     Income
(Numerator)
   Weighted
Average
Shares
(Denominator)
   Per Share
Amount
        
        
        

For the three months ended March 31, 2009

        

Basic EPS

   $ 526    6,799    $ 0.08

Effect of dilutive stock options and warrants

     —      —        —  
                  

Diluted EPS

   $ 526    6,799    $ 0.08
                  

For the three months ended March 31, 2008

        

Basic EPS

   $ 501    6,799    $ 0.07

Effect of dilutive stock options and warrants

     —      16      —  
                  

Diluted EPS

   $ 501    6,815    $ 0.07
                  

There were 397,925 anti-dilutive options and warrants during the three months ended March 31, 2009, and there were 111,000 anti-dilutive options and warrants during the three months ended March 31, 2008.

 

8. FAIR VALUE

FAS 157 establishes a fair value hierarchy which requires an entity to maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs when measuring fair value. The standard describes three levels of inputs that may be used to measure fair value:

Level 1: Quoted prices (unadjusted) or identical assets or liabilities in active markets that the entity has the ability to access as of the measurement date

Level 2: Significant other observable inputs other than Level 1 prices such as quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities; quoted prices in markets that are not active; or other inputs that are observable or can be corroborated by observable market data

Level 3: Significant unobservable inputs that reflect a reporting entity’s own assumptions about the assumptions that market participants would use in pricing an asset or liability

Assets measured at fair value on a recurring basis are summarized below:

 

          Fair Value Measurements Using
(dollars in thousands)    Total at
March 31, 2009
   Quoted Prices in
Active Markets for
Identical Assets
(Level 1)
   Significant
Other
Observable
Inputs
(Level 2)
   Significant
Unobservable
Inputs
(Level 3)

Assets:

           

Available for sale securities

   $ 5,468    $ —      $ 5,468    $ —  
                           

 

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          Fair Value Measurements Using
(dollars in thousands)    Total at
December 31, 2008
   Quoted Prices in
Active Markets for
Identical Assets
(Level 1)
   Significant
Other
Observable
Inputs
(Level 2)
   Significant
Unobservable
Inputs
(Level 3)

Assets:

           

Available for sale securities

   $ 15,633    $ —      $ 15,633    $ —  
                           

The following is a description of the valuation methodologies used for instruments measured at fair value, as well as the general classification of such instruments pursuant to the valuation hierarchy:

Securities

Where quoted prices are available in an active market, securities are classified within level 1 of the valuation hierarchy. Level 1 securities would include highly liquid government bonds, mortgage products and exchange traded equities. If quoted market prices are not available, then fair values are estimated by using pricing models, quoted prices of securities with similar characteristics, or discounted cash flow. Level 2 securities would include U. S. agency securities, mortgage-backed securities, obligations of states and political subdivisions and certain corporate, asset-backed and other securities. In certain cases where there is limited activity or less transparency around inputs to the valuation, securities are classified within level 3 of the valuation hierarchy. Currently, all of SNBV’s available-for-sale securities are considered to be level 2 securities.

Assets and Liabilities Measured on a Non-recurring Basis:

Impaired Loans

SFAS 157 applies to loans measured for impairment using the practical expedients permitted by SFAS 114 at the fair value of the loan’s collateral (if the loan is collateral dependent). Fair value of the loan’s collateral, when the loan is dependent on collateral, is determined by appraisals or independent valuation which is then adjusted for the cost related to liquidation of the collateral. Fair value is classified as Level 3 in the fair value hierarchy. Loans identified as impaired in accordance with SFAS 114 totaled $1.3 million as of March 31, 2009 with an allocated allowance for loan losses totaling $243 thousand compared to a carrying amount of $974 thousand with an allocated allowance for loan losses totaling $378 thousand at December 31, 2008. Charge-offs related to impaired loans were $40 thousand during the first quarter of 2009, and there were none during the first quarter of 2008.

Other Real Estate Owned (OREO)

OREO is evaluated at the time of acquisition and recorded at fair value as determined by independent appraisal or internal market evaluation less cost to sell. OREO is further evaluated quarterly for any additional impairment. Fair value is classified as Level 3 in the fair value hierarchy. The total amount of OREO was $3.5 million and $3.4 million at March 31, 2009 and December 31, 2008, respectively.

 

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9. WARRANTS

As part of the purchase price of the fixed assets related to the Leesburg branch, SNBV issued 61,000 warrants for the purchase of its common stock at an exercise price of $12.73 per share during the first quarter of 2008. The warrants expire in three years. The fair value of each warrant issued was estimated using the Black-Scholes options-pricing model. The following weighted-average assumptions were used to value the warrants:

 

Dividend yield

     0.00 %

Expected life

     3 years  

Expected volatility

     19.17 %

Risk-free interest rate

     2.11 %

Weighted average fair value per warrant

   $ 0.84  

 

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ITEM 2 – MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

Management’s discussion and analysis is presented to aid the reader in understanding and evaluating the financial condition and results of operations of SNBV. This discussion and analysis should be read with the consolidated financial statements, the footnotes thereto, and the other financial data included in this report and in our annual report dated December 31, 2008 on Form 10-K. Results of operations for the three month period ended March 31, 2009 are not necessarily indicative of results that may be attained for any other period.

FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

Certain statements in this report may constitute “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Forward-looking statements are statements that include projections, predictions, expectations or beliefs about future events or results or otherwise are not statements of historical fact. Such statements are often characterized by the use of qualified words (and their derivatives) such as “expect,” “believe,” “estimate,” “plan,” “project,” or other statements concerning opinions or judgment of the Company and its management about future events. Although we believe that its expectations with respect to certain forward-looking statements are based upon reasonable assumptions within the bounds of its existing knowledge of its business and operations, there can be no assurance that actual results, performance or achievements of SNBV will not differ materially from any future results, performance or achievements expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements. Actual future results and trends may differ materially from historical results or those anticipated depending on a variety of factors, including, but not limited to, the effects of and changes in: general economic conditions, the interest rate environment, legislative and regulatory requirements, competitive pressures, new products and delivery systems, inflation, changes in the stock and bond markets, technology, and consumer spending and savings habits. We do not update any forward-looking statements that may be made from time to time by or on behalf of SNBV.

OVERVIEW

Southern National Bancorp of Virginia, Inc. (“SNBV”) is a corporation formed on July 28, 2004 under the laws of the Commonwealth of Virginia and is the holding company for Sonabank (“Sonabank”) a national bank chartered on April 14, 2005, under the laws of the United States of America. On January 1, 2009, Sonabank changed from a nationally chartered bank to a state chartered bank and moved its headquarters from Charlottesville to McLean, Virginia. Going forward, Sonabank will be regulated by the State Corporation Commission of Virginia and the Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond. Currently, all of the communities served by Sonabank are located in Virginia, and Sonabank does very little lending outside Virginia. Moreover, the change should save the company in excess of $35 thousand in regulatory fees per year with increased savings as assets grow in the future. The principal activities of Sonabank are to attract deposits and originate loans as permitted under applicable banking regulations. Sonabank conducts full-service banking operations in Charlottesville, Clifton Forge, Leesburg, Warrenton and Fairfax County in Virginia.

 

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RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

Net Income

For the three months ended March 31, 2009, our net income was $526 thousand compared to net income of $501 thousand for the same period in 2008, an increase of 5%.

Net Interest Income

Our operating results depend primarily on our net interest income, which is the difference between interest and dividend income on interest-earning assets such as loans and investments, and interest expense on interest-bearing liabilities such as deposits and borrowings.

Net interest income for the three months ended March 31, 2009 was $3.0 million compared to $3.2 million for the same period last year. Average interest-earning assets for the three months ended March 31, 2009 increased $42.2 million over the same period in 2008. Approximately $38.2 million of this growth was an increase in average loans outstanding. Average investment securities decreased by $8.6 million in the quarter ended March 31, 2009, compared to the same period last year. The average balance of other earning assets, primarily interest-earning accounts at the Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond (FRB) and the Federal Home Loan Bank of Atlanta (FHLB), increased from $6.0 million during the first quarter of 2008 to $18.5 million during the first quarter of 2009. The average yield on interest-earning assets decreased from 7.31% in 2008 to 5.57% in 2009 primarily because of the prime rate decreases of 400 basis points during 2008 which accompanied the Federal Reserve Board’s reductions in its federal funds target rate. The daily average prime rate during the first quarter of 2008 was 6.21% compared to 3.25% during the first quarter of 2009. Average interest-bearing liabilities for the three months ended March 31, 2009 increased $39.7 million compared to the same period in 2008. Average interest-bearing deposits increased by $32.8 million, while average borrowings increased by $6.9 million compared to the first quarter of 2008. The average cost of interest-bearing liabilities decreased from 4.29% in 2008 to 2.85% in 2009. The interest rate spread for the three months ended March 31, 2009 decreased from 3.02% to 2.72% compared to the same period last year. The net interest margin for the three months ended March 31, 2009 decreased to 3.12% from 3.67% compared to the same period last year.

The decline in the interest margin was a result of several factors. In addition to the prime rate decreases previously discussed, we have maintained much more cash in interest-earning accounts at the FRB and the FHLB during the first quarter of 2009 than we usually do, although the balance as of March 31, 2009 was down to $2.5 million which is a more normal level. The negative carry on our interest-earning deposit accounts cost us 9 basis points. We normally receive dividends on our stock in the Federal Home Loan Bank of Atlanta. In the first quarter of 2008 we received dividends of $31 thousand. In the first quarter of 2009 we received none at all as a result of the FHLB of Atlanta having to take an other than temporary impairment (OTTI) charge on its holding of private label mortgage securities. This reduced the net interest margin by 4 basis points.

Our commercial loans (non-real estate), acquisition and development loans, construction loans and SBA loans are predominately priced to a spread over the prime rate, and these loans reprice virtually immediately. Commercial real estate loans are generally priced at a spread over the one, three or five year constant maturity treasury yield (CMT) or our marginal cost of funds and fixed for one, three or five years. On the liability side of the balance sheet we have a large segment of our funding which floats; but certificates of deposit (CDs) reprice only at maturity resulting in a lag which can adversely affect net interest income and the net interest margin when interest rates decline. We saw substantial improvements during the first quarter of 2009. We had

 

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CDs mature during the first quarter in an amount of $72.1 million (of which $55.3 million were brokered) with a weighted average rate of 3.20%. During the quarter we issued $63.6 million in new CDs (none of which were brokered) at an average rate of 1.59%. A small part of that favorably impacted the first quarter. Much more of it will impact the second and future quarters. The decreases in the federal funds target rate during 2007 and 2008 have had a negative impact on our net interest margin. In order to protect the Bank’s margins, as of November 2008 we have begun to set floors on all new loans as well as renewals.

The following table details average balances of interest-earning assets and interest-bearing liabilities, the amount of interest earned/paid on such assets and liabilities, and the yield/rate for the periods indicated:

 

     Average Balance Sheets and Net Interest
Analysis For the Three Months Ended
 
     3/31/2009     3/31/2008  
     Average
Balance
    Interest
Income/
Expense
   Yield/
Rate
    Average
Balance
    Interest
Income/
Expense
   Yield/
Rate
 
     (Dollar amounts in thousands)  

Assets

              

Interest-earning assets:

              

Loans, net of unearned income (1) (2)

   $ 309,188     $ 4,604    6.04 %   $ 270,995     $ 5,231    7.76 %

Investment securities

     67,528       782    4.63 %     76,104       1,106    5.81 %

Other earning assets

     18,547       40    0.87 %     5,951       76    5.11 %
                                  

Total earning assets

     395,263       5,426    5.57 %     353,050       6,413    7.31 %
                      

Allowance for loan losses

     (4,258 )          (3,622 )     

Total non-earning assets

     42,112            40,572       
                          

Total assets

   $ 433,117          $ 390,000       
                          

Liabilities and stockholders’ equity

              

Interest-bearing liabilities:

              

NOW accounts

   $ 7,778       2    0.10 %   $ 6,076       4    0.25 %

Money market accounts

     50,665       200    1.60 %     55,532       459    3.32 %

Savings accounts

     2,019       1    0.10 %     2,357       1    0.25 %

Time deposits

     226,831       1,864    3.33 %     190,574       2,313    4.88 %
                                  

Total interest-bearing deposits

     287,293       2,067    2.92 %     254,539       2,777    4.39 %

Borrowings

     52,008       313    2.44 %     45,080       416    3.71 %
                                  

Total interest-bearing liabilities

     339,301       2,380    2.85 %     299,619       3,193    4.29 %
                      

Noninterest-bearing liabilities:

              

Demand deposits

     22,845            18,649       

Other liabilities

     1,743            2,259       
                          

Total liabilities

     363,889            320,527       

Stockholders’ equity

     69,228            69,473       
                          

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity

   $ 433,117          $ 390,000       
                          

Net interest income

     $ 3,046        $ 3,220   
                      

Interest rate spread

        2.72 %        3.02 %

Net interest margin

        3.12 %        3.67 %

 

(1) Includes loan fees in both interest income and the calculation of the yield on loans.
(2) Calculations include non-accruing loans in average loan amounts outstanding.

Provision for Loan Losses

The provision for loan losses is a current charge to earnings made in order to increase the allowance for loan losses to a level deemed appropriate by management based on an evaluation of the loan portfolio, current economic conditions, changes in the nature and volume of lending, historical loan experience and other known internal and external factors affecting loan collectability. Our loan loss allowance is calculated by segmenting the loan portfolio by loan

 

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type and applying risk factors to each segment. The risk factors are determined by considering peer data, internal and external factors affecting loan collectability, as well as applying management’s judgment.

The provision for loan losses charged to operations for the three months ended March 31, 2009 and 2008 were $480 thousand and $452 thousand, respectively. Provision expense for the year ended December 31, 2008 was $1.7 million. We had charge-offs totaling $240 thousand and $80 thousand during the quarters ended March 31, 2009 and 2008, respectively. We had recoveries totaling $2 thousand and $7 thousand during the quarters ended March 31, 2009 and 2008, respectively. We had charge-offs, net of recoveries, for the year ended December 31, 2008 in the amount of $915 thousand. The increase in provision expense for the first quarter of 2009 relative to 2008 is attributable to the growth and composition of the portfolio, charge-offs, as well as management’s assessment of the current economic and market environment and its impact on loan collectability. Total non-farm jobs in the Commonwealth of Virginia declined approximately 92,500, or 2.5%, between January 2008 and March 2009. This is the largest decline in the number and percent of non-farm jobs in the Commonwealth for at least the last 20 years.

Noninterest Income

The following table presents the major categories on noninterest income for the three months ended March 31, 2009 and 2008:

 

     For the Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
     2009    2008     Change  
     (dollars in thousands)  

Account maintenance and deposit service fees

   $ 132    $ 116     $ 16  

Income from bank-owned life insurance

     148      145       3  

Net gain (loss) on other real estate owned

     87      (175 )     262  

Gain on securities

     223      —         223  

Other

     4      35       (31 )
                       

Total noninterest income

   $ 594    $ 121     $ 473  
                       

The increase in noninterest income was largely attributable to two factors. We had a gain of $223 thousand on the sale of available-for-sale mortgage-backed securities during the first quarter of 2009. We also had a gain of $87 thousand on the sale of other real estate owned during the three months ended March 31, 2009. During the first quarter of 2008, we had a write-down on other real estate owned (OREO) in the amount of $200 thousand which was offset by a gain of $25 thousand on the sale of OREO. The decrease in other noninterest income of $31 thousand was attributable to reductions in net loan servicing income of $14 thousand and miscellaneous fees on loans and letters of credit of $17 thousand compared to the first quarter of 2008. The change in account maintenance and deposit service fees is the result of increased activity.

 

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Noninterest Expense

The following table presents the major categories on noninterest expense for the three months ended March 31, 2009 and 2008:

 

     For the Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
     2009    2008    Change  
     (dollars in thousands)  

Salaries and benefits

   $ 1,063    $ 970    $ 93  

Occupancy expenses

     387      342      45  

Furniture and equipment expenses

     121      124      (3 )

Amortization of core deposit intangible

     182      182      —    

Virginia franchise tax expense

     141      137      4  

FDIC assessment

     174      49      125  

Data processing expense

     80      65      15  

Telephone and communication expense

     65      60      5  

Other operating expenses

     220      283      (63 )
                      

Total noninterest expense

   $ 2,433    $ 2,212    $ 221  
                      

Noninterest expense increased $221 thousand, or 10% compared to the first quarter of 2008. Most of this increase was due to higher FDIC insurance expense because of higher assessment rates for the quarter ended March 31, 2009. We anticipate that assessment rates will rise even more for the second quarter of 2009, and we expect that a special assessment will be imposed to recapitalize the FDIC Deposit Insurance Fund sometime during 2009. The increase in salaries and benefits was largely attributable to an increase from 59 full-time equivalent employees at March 31, 2008 to 66 at March 31, 2009, due primarily to the additional staffing of the Leesburg branch. The increase in occupancy expense was due primarily to inflationary increases in rent expense and one additional month of rent expense for the Leesburg branch compared to the first quarter of 2008.

FINANCIAL CONDITION

Balance Sheet Overview

Total assets were $428.0 million at March 31, 2009, as compared to $431.9 million at December 31, 2008. Net loans grew from $298.0 million at the end of 2008 to $313.8 million at March 31, 2009. Investment securities, available for sale and held to maturity, decreased to $65.6 million at March 31, 2009 compared to $75.0 million at December 31, 2008. Cash and cash equivalents decreased from $14.8 million at December 31, 2008 to $4.5 million at March 31, 2009.

As of March 31, 2009, total deposits were $302.8 million compared to $309.5 million as of December 31, 2008. The decline was attributable mostly to a decrease in money market accounts and noninterest-bearing demand deposits. Time deposits decreased approximately $500 thousand during the first quarter of 2009. Brokered CDs were $63.0 million at March 31, 2009, compared to $118.3 million at December 31, 2008. This decrease in brokered CDs was replaced with new CDs, none of which were brokered.

Loan Portfolio

The commercial real estate loan category increased by 9%, rising from $104.9 million at year-end to $114.4 million at March 31, 2009. The commercial and industrial loan category increased by 11% to $67.5 million. Residential 1-4 family mortgage loans increased by 8% to $65.5 million.

 

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The following table summarizes the composition of our loan portfolio as of March 31, 2009 and December 31, 2008:

 

     March 31,
2009
    December 31,
2008
 
     (dollars in thousands)  

Mortgage loans on real estate:

    

Commercial

   $ 114,420     $ 104,866  

Construction loans to residential builders

     4,417       4,752  

Other construction and land loans

     43,806       51,836  

Residential 1-4 family

     65,502       60,376  

Multi- family residential

     7,514       5,581  

Home equity lines of credit

     12,239       11,509  
                

Total real estate loans

     247,898       238,920  

Commercial loans

     67,509       60,820  

Consumer loans

     3,425       3,074  
                

Gross loans

     318,832       302,814  

Less unearned income on loans

     (539 )     (548 )
                

Loans, net of unearned income

   $ 318,293     $ 302,266  
                

Asset Quality

We will generally place a loan on nonaccrual status when it becomes 90 days past due. Loans will also be placed on nonaccrual status in cases where we are uncertain whether the borrower can satisfy the contractual terms of the loan agreement. Cash payments received while a loan is categorized as nonaccrual will be recorded as a reduction of principal as long as doubt exists as to future collections.

We require appraisals on loans over $250 thousand secured by real estate. In instances where appraisals reflect reduced collateral values, we make an evaluation of the borrower’s overall financial condition to determine the need, if any, for possible write-down to their net realizable values. We record other real estate owned at fair value less our estimated costs to sell.

Our loss and delinquency experience on our loan portfolio has been limited by a number of factors, including our underwriting standards and the relatively short period of time since the loans were originated. Whether our loss and delinquency experience in the area of our portfolio will increase significantly depends upon the value of the real estate securing loans and economic factors such as the overall economy of the region.

In accordance with Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 114, “Accounting by Creditors for Impairment of a Loan” (SFAS 114) the Bank employs systems and processes necessary to identify and revalue “impaired loans.” Loans identified as impaired in accordance with SFAS 114 totaled $1.3 million as of March 31, 2009. This compares to $974 thousand of impaired loans at December 31, 2008. The increase in impaired loans since December 31, 2008, is attributable to the impairment during the first quarter of 2009 of two residential mortgage loans totaling $617 thousand offset by one loan in the amount of $304 thousand which is now current and no longer considered impaired. Nonaccrual loans were $1.2 million and $1.1 million at March 31, 2009 and December 31, 2008, respectively. At March 31, 2009, there were no loans past due 90 days or more and accruing interest, and there was one loan in the amount of $135 thousand past due 90 days or more and accruing interest at December 31, 2008.

 

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Nonperforming assets increased slightly by $19 thousand to $4.7 million at March 31, 2009. We have an internal loan review process and a loan committee which provide on-going monitoring to identify and address issues with problem loans. We believe the allowance for loan losses is sufficient to cover probable incurred credit losses at March 31, 2009.

At the end of last quarter we reported that Sonabank had one residential property in OREO and one for which foreclosure was pending. The one property in OREO at year end has been sold at a small gain. We have foreclosed on the property which was pending and are actively marketing the property.

The bulk of our OREO balance continues to be comprised of one property, which contains 33 finished 2 to 4 acre lots in Culpeper. We took a deed in lieu of foreclosure in June 2007. There are no new developments on that property. It is worth noting that those lots were originally under contract to a very large regional builder for $230,000 per lot. We have written them down to approximately 42% of that level based on new market data.

The following table sets forth selected asset quality ratios as of the dates indicated:

 

     As of  
     March 31,
2009
    December 31,
2008
 

Allowance for loan losses to total loans

   1.40 %   1.40 %

Nonperforming assets to allowance for loan losses

   104.62 %   110.17 %

Nonperforming assets to total assets

   1.09 %   1.08 %

Securities

Investment securities, available for sale and held to maturity, were $65.6 million at March 31, 2009 compared to $75.0 million at December 31, 2008.

At March 31, 2009 the securities portfolio (held to maturity and available for sale) was comprised of the following:

 

   

$42.4 million of FNMA and FHLMC mortgage-backed securities. Since the conservatorship, these securities carry the full faith and credit of the U.S. Government. As of March 31, 2009, the fair market value of these securities was $43.5 million.

 

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As of March 31, 2009 we owned pooled trust preferred securities broken down as follows:

 

Security

   Ratings
When Purchased
   Current Ratings    Par Value    Book Value    Estimated
Fair
Value
   Estimated
Incremental
Defaults
Required to
Adversely Impact
Cash Flows
   Moody’s    Fitch    Moody’s    Fitch            
                              (in thousands)     

ALESCO VII A1B

   Aaa    AAA    A3    AA    $ 8,863    $ 7,845    $ 2,926    $ 302,000

MMCF II B

   A3    AA-    Baa2    BBB      612      559      288      25,200

MMCF III B

   A3    A-    Baa3    B      720      702      339      37,100

TPREF FUNDING II

   A1    A-    Caa3    CC      1,500      1,297      314      59,700

ALESCO V C1

   A2    A    Ca    CC      2,000      1,678      414      37,100

ALESCO XV C1

   A3    A-    Ca    CC      3,000      1,983      467      66,300

ALESCO XVI C

   A3    A-    Ca    CC      2,000      1,521      305      44,900

TRAP 2007-XII C1

   A3    A    Ca    CC      2,000      1,405      349      87,627

TRAP 2007-XIII D

   NR    A-    NR    C      2,000      1,369      498      66,002

MMC FUNDING XVIII

   A3    A-    Ca    C      1,014      750      139      40,900
                                   
               $ 23,709    $ 19,109    $ 6,039   
                                   

All but one of the trust preferred securities owned by Sonabank continue to pay principal and interest in accordance with the contractual terms of the securities. MMC Funding XVIII reported new deferrals which caused a failure in the Class A/B Principal Coverage Test in the fourth quarter of 2008. When this happens the cash flows to the lower classes are temporarily suspended and used to pay down the principal of the senior classes in order to restore the over-collateralization levels of the senior classes. The bonds will continue to accrue interest, but it will be capitalized rather than paid in cash, also known as payment in kind. Interest will be earned on the capitalized interest. Once the senior class coverage test is satisfied, the lower classes will begin to receive current interest as well as capitalized interest. Accordingly, we did not receive the interest payment on MMC Funding XVIII in December 2008 since the deferrals are handled as payments in kind. We did receive a partial interest payment of $4 thousand on this security in March 2009.

Management has evaluated each of these securities for potential impairment under EITF 99-20-1 and has reviewed each of the issues’ collateral participants using various techniques including the ratings provided in the Bank Financial Quarterly published by IDC Financial Publishing, Inc. Management has also reviewed the interest and principal coverage of each of the tranches it owns. We have received analyses from outside analysts to estimate the amount of additional defaults/deferrals it would take to adversely impact the expected cash flows for each security. These cash flow models assume that all existing and additional defaults/deferrals are immediate and have a recovery rate ranging from 0% to 10%. Based on our review of the collateral participants, we do not project future defaults/deferrals to exceed the amount of incremental defaults required to adversely impact cash flows. While further deterioration in the entire banking sector is possible, at this time the issues we own have cushions above the expected defaults or deferrals and are generating cash flows so that it is probable that we will receive all contractual cash flows, and we have determined that an other than temporary impairment does not exist.

Trust preferred securities which are issued by financial institutions and insurance companies are classified as held-to-maturity securities. The decline in the level of observable inputs and market activity in this class of investments by the measurement date has been significant and resulted in unreliable external pricing. Broker pricing and bid/ask spreads, when available, vary widely. The once active market has become comparatively inactive. As such, management utilized guidance in FSP FAS 157-3 to value these securities. The pricing for these securities utilized a discount rate from the Bloomberg Fair Value Index yield curve for single issuer trust preferred securities with similar ratings, interest rates and maturity dates (an observable input). In addition a liquidity premium was utilized to take into account liquidity risk (a management estimate and

 

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thus an unobservable input). Due to current market conditions as well as the limited trading activity of these securities, the market value of the securities is highly sensitive to assumption changes and market volatility.

We also own $2.4 million of the SARM 2005-22 1A2. This CMO is still rated AAA by Standard and Poors but was downgraded to BBB by Fitch during the fourth quarter of 2008. This security was originated in 2005. The average FICO score of the underlying loans at origination was 748. As of March 31, 2009, delinquencies of more than 60 days, foreclosures, REO and bankruptcies totaled 23.2% compared to 21.5% at December 31, 2008. However, credit support is 14.9 compared to 14 when originally issued, which provides coverage of 1.87 times projected losses in the collateral. The fair market value is $1.1 million. We have evaluated this security for potential impairment under EITF 99-20-1 and determined that an other than temporary impairment does not exist.

We own 80,000 shares of the Freddie Mac perpetual preferred stock Series V. We have recorded total OTTI charges on this security of $1.976 million in 2008 and 2007. The fair value at March 31, 2009 was $30 thousand.

Liquidity and Funds Management

The objective of our liquidity management is to assure the ability to meet our financial obligations. These obligations include the payment of deposits on demand or at maturity, the repayment of borrowings at maturity and the ability to fund commitments and other new business opportunities. We obtain funding from a variety of sources, including customer deposit accounts, customer certificates of deposit and payments on our loans and investments. Historically, our level of core deposits has been insufficient to fully fund our lending activities. As a result, we have sought funding from additional sources, including institutional certificates of deposit and available-for-sale investment securities. In addition, we maintain lines credit from the Federal Home Loan Bank of Atlanta and utilize securities sold under agreements to repurchase from approved securities dealers and retail customers.

Due to the uncertain economic environment, we have maintained much more cash in interest-earning accounts at the FRB and the FHLB during the fourth quarter of 2008 and the first quarter of 2009 than we usually do. The average balance held in these interest-earning accounts was $14.5 million and $14.1 million during the quarters ended March 31, 2009 and December 31, 2008, respectively. The balance as of March 31, 2009 was down to $2.5 million which is a more normal level.

We prepare a monthly cash flow report which forecasts weekly cash needs and availability for the coming three months, based on forecasts of loan closings from our pipeline report and other factors. Management anticipates that future funding requirements will be met from the normal sources of funds.

 

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Capital Resources

The following table provides a comparison of our leverage and risk-weighted capital ratios and the leverage and risk-weighted capital ratios of the bank at the periods indicated to the minimum and well-capitalized regulatory standards (dollars in thousands):

 

     Actual     Required
For Capital
Adequacy Purposes
    To Be Well
Capitalized Under
Prompt Corrective
Action Provisions
 
     Amount    Ratio     Amount    Ratio     Amount    Ratio  

March 31, 2009

               

SNBV

               

Tier 1 risk-based capital ratio

   $ 59,217    14.92 %   $ 15,877    4.00 %     N/A    N/A  

Total risk-based capital ratio

     63,677    16.04 %     31,755    8.00 %     N/A    N/A  

Leverage ratio

     59,217    14.09 %     16,814    4.00 %     N/A    N/A  

Sonabank

               

Tier 1 risk-based capital ratio

   $ 56,779    14.31 %   $ 15,874    4.00 %   $ 23,811    6.00 %

Total risk-based capital ratio

     61,240    15.43 %     31,748    8.00 %     39,685    10.00 %

Leverage ratio

     56,779    13.51 %     16,814    4.00 %     21,017    5.00 %

December 31, 2008

               

SNBV

               

Tier 1 risk-based capital ratio

   $ 58,495    17.46 %   $ 13,404    4.00 %     N/A    N/A  

Total risk-based capital ratio

     62,684    18.71 %     26,808    8.00 %     N/A    N/A  

Leverage ratio

     58,495    13.71 %     17,063    4.00 %     N/A    N/A  

Sonabank

               

Tier 1 risk-based capital ratio

   $ 56,055    16.73 %   $ 13,402    4.00 %   $ 20,103    6.00 %

Total risk-based capital ratio

     60,243    17.98 %     26,804    8.00 %     33,505    10.00 %

Leverage ratio

     56,055    13.14 %     17,063    4.00 %     21,329    5.00 %

The most recent regulatory notification categorized the Bank as well capitalized under the regulatory framework for prompt corrective action. There are no conditions or events since that notification that management believes have changed the Bank’s category.

 

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Table of Contents

ITEM 3 – QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

We are engaged primarily in the business of investing funds obtained from deposits and borrowings into interest-earning loans and investments. Consequently, our earnings depend to a significant extent on our net interest income, which is the difference between the interest income on loans and other investments and the interest expense on deposits and borrowings. To the extent that our interest-bearing liabilities do not reprice or mature at the same time as our interest-earning assets, we are subject to interest rate risk and corresponding fluctuations in net interest income. We have employed asset/liability management policies that seek to manage our interest income, without having to incur unacceptable levels of credit or investment risk.

We use a duration gap of equity approach to manage our interest rate risk, and we review quarterly interest sensitivity reports prepared for us by FTN Financial using the Sendero ALM Analysis System. This approach uses a model which generates estimates of the change in our market value of portfolio equity (MVPE) over a range of interest rate scenarios. MVPE is the present value of expected cash flows from assets, liabilities and off-balance sheet contracts using standard industry assumptions about estimated loan prepayment rates, reinvestment rates and deposit decay rates.

The following tables are based on an analysis prepared by FTN Financial setting forth an analysis of our interest rate risk as measured by the estimated change in MVPE resulting from instantaneous and sustained parallel shifts in the yield curve (plus or minus 300 basis points, measured in 100 basis point increments) as of March 31, 2009 and December 31, 2008:

 

     Sensitivity of Market Value of Portfolio Equity
As of March 31, 2009
 

Change in Interest Rates in Basis Points (Rate Shock)

   Market Value of Portfolio Equity     Market Value of
Portfolio Equity as a % of
 
   Amount    $ Change
From Base
    % Change
From Base
    Total
Assets
    Portfolio
Equity

Book Value
 
     (Dollar amounts in thousands)  

Up 300

   $ 63,156    $ (1,922 )   -2.95 %   14.76 %   91.17 %

Up 200

     64,774      (304 )   -0.47 %   15.13 %   93.51 %

Up 100

     65,768      690     1.06 %   15.37 %   94.94 %

Base

     65,078      —       0.00 %   15.20 %   93.95 %

Down 100

     61,976      (3,102 )   -4.77 %   14.48 %   89.47 %

Down 200

     60,747      (4,331 )   -6.66 %   14.19 %   87.70 %

Down 300

     60,148      (4,930 )   -7.58 %   14.05 %   86.83 %

 

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Table of Contents
     Sensitivity of Market Value of Portfolio Equity
As of December 31, 2008
 

Change in Interest Rates in Basis Points (Rate Shock)

   Market Value of Portfolio Equity     Market Value of
Portfolio Equity as a % of
 
   Amount    $ Change
From Base
    % Change
From Base
    Total
Assets
    Portfolio
Equity

Book Value
 
     (Dollar amounts in thousands)  

Up 300

   $ 58,494    $ (148 )   -0.25 %   13.54 %   85.05 %

Up 200

     59,229    $ 587     1.00 %   13.71 %   86.12 %

Up 100

     59,369    $ 727     1.24 %   13.75 %   86.32 %

Base

     58,642    $ —       0.00 %   13.58 %   85.27 %

Down 100

     55,649    $ (2,993 )   -5.10 %   12.88 %   80.91 %

Down 200

     53,797    $ (4,845 )   -8.26 %   12.46 %   78.22 %

Down 300

     53,535    $ (5,107 )   -8.71 %   12.39 %   77.84 %

Our interest rate sensitivity is also monitored by management through the use of a model run by FTN Financial that generates estimates of the change in the net interest income over a range of interest rate scenarios. Net interest income depends upon the relative amounts of interest-earning assets and interest-bearing liabilities and the interest rates earned or paid on them. In this regard, the model assumes that the composition of our interest sensitive assets and liabilities existing at March 31, 2009 and December 31, 2008 remains constant over the period being measured and also assumes that a particular change in interest rates is reflected uniformly across the yield curve regardless of the duration to maturity or repricing of specific assets and liabilities.

 

     Sensitivity of Net Interest Income
As of March 31, 2009
 

Change in Interest Rates in Basis Points (Rate Shock)

   Adjusted Net Interest Income    Net Interest Margin  
   Amount    $ Change
From Base
   Percent     % Change
From Base
 
     (Dollar amounts in thousands)  

Up 300

   $ 14,327    $ 791    3.64 %   0.20 %

Up 200

     14,208      672    3.61 %   0.17 %

Up 100

     14,034      498    3.57 %   0.13 %

Base

     13,536      —      3.44 %   0.00 %

Down 100

     14,328      792    3.64 %   0.20 %

Down 200

     15,346      1,810    3.90 %   0.46 %

Down 300

     15,347      1,811    3.90 %   0.46 %

 

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Table of Contents
     Sensitivity of Net Interest Income
As of December 31, 2008
 

Change in Interest Rates in Basis Points (Rate Shock)

   Adjusted Net Interest Income    Net Interest Margin  
   Amount    $ Change
From Base
   Percent     % Change
From Base
 
     (Dollar amounts in thousands)  

Up 300

   $ 13,134    $ 1,682    3.31 %   0.42 %

Up 200

     12,609      1,157    3.18 %   0.29 %

Up 100

     12,058      606    3.05 %   0.16 %

Base

     11,452      —      2.89 %   0.00 %

Down 100

     12,205      753    3.08 %   0.19 %

Down 200

     12,892      1,440    3.25 %   0.36 %

Down 300

     12,891      1,439    3.25 %   0.36 %

Certain shortcomings are inherent in the methodology used in the above interest rate risk measurements. Modeling changes in MVPE requires the making of certain assumptions that may or may not reflect the manner in which actual yields and costs respond to changes in market interest rates. Accordingly, although the MVPE tables and Sensitivity of Net Interest Income tables provide an indication of our interest rate risk exposure at a particular point in time, such measurements are not intended to, and do not, provide a precise forecast of the effect of changes in market interest rates on our net worth and net interest income.

 

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Table of Contents

ITEM 4 – CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

Under the supervision and with the participation of management, including our chief executive officer and chief financial officer, we have evaluated the effectiveness of the design and operation of our disclosure controls and procedures as of the end of the period covered by this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. Based on that evaluation, our chief executive officer and chief financial officer have concluded that these controls and procedures are effective. There were no significant changes in our internal controls or in other factors that could significantly affect these controls subsequent to the date of their evaluation.

Disclosure controls and procedures are our controls and other procedures that are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by us in the reports that we file or submit under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 is accumulated and communicated to our management, including our principal executive officer and principal financial officer, as appropriate, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.

PART II - OTHER INFORMATION

ITEM 1 – LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

While SNBV and Sonabank may, from time to time, be a party to various legal proceedings arising in the ordinary course of business, there are no proceedings pending, or to management’s knowledge, threatened, against SNBV or Sonabank at this time.

ITEM 1A – RISK FACTORS

As of March 31, 2009 there were no material changes to the risk factors previously disclosed on our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2008.

ITEM 6 – EXHIBITS

(a) Exhibits.

The following exhibits are filed as part of this Form 10-Q and this list includes the Exhibit Index:

 

Exhibit No.

 

Description

31.1   Certification of Chief Executive Officer pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
31.2   Certification of Chief Financial Officer pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
32.1   Certification of Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

 

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Table of Contents

Signatures

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.

 

  Southern National Bancorp of Virginia, Inc.
 

(Registrant)

May 14, 2009  

/s/ Georgia S. Derrico

(Date)

  Georgia S. Derrico,
  Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer
May 14, 2009  

/s/ William H. Lagos

(Date)

  William H. Lagos,
  Senior Vice President and Chief Financial Officer

 

31

Exhibit 31.1

CERTIFICATIONS

I, Georgia S. Derrico, certify that:

1. I have reviewed this report on Form 10-Q of Southern National Bancorp of Virginia, Inc.;

2. Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;

3. Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;

4. The registrant’s other certifying officers and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f) for the registrant and we have:

 

  a) designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;

 

  b) designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;

 

  c) evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and

 

  d) disclosed in this report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s most recent fiscal quarter (the registrant’s fourth fiscal quarter in the case of an annual report) that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting; and

5. The registrant’s other certifying officers and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of the registrant’s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):

 

  a) all significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and

 

  b) any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.

 

Date: May 14, 2009  
 

/s/ Georgia S. Derrico

  Georgia S. Derrico,
  Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer

Exhibit 31.2

CERTIFICATIONS

I, William H. Lagos, certify that:

1. I have reviewed this report on Form 10-Q of Southern National Bancorp of Virginia, Inc.;

2. Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;

3. Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;

4. The registrant’s other certifying officers and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f) for the registrant and we have:

 

  a) designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;

 

  b) designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;

 

  c) evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and

 

  d) disclosed in this report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s most recent fiscal quarter (the registrant’s fourth fiscal quarter in the case of an annual report) that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting; and

5. The registrant’s other certifying officers and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of the registrant’s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):

 

  a) all significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and

 

  b) any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.

 

Date: May 14, 2009  
 

/s/ William H. Lagos

  William H. Lagos,
  Senior Vice President and Chief Financial Officer

Exhibit 32.1

CERTIFICATION PURSUANT TO 18 U.S.C. SECTION 1350 AS ADOPTED PURSUANT TO SECTION 906 OF THE SARBANES-OXLEY ACT OF 2002

In connection with the Quarterly Report of Southern National Bancorp of Virginia, Inc. (“SNBV”) on Form 10-Q for the period ending March 31, 2009 as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on the date hereof (the “Report”), the undersigned Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial officer of SNBV hereby certify, pursuant to 18 U.S.C. §1350, as adopted pursuant to §906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 that based on their knowledge and belief: 1) the Report fully complies with the requirements of Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, and 2) the information contained in the Report fairly presents, in all material respects, the financial condition and results of operations of SNBV as of and for the periods covered in the Report.

 

/s/ Georgia S. Derrico

Georgia S. Derrico, Chief Executive Officer

/s/ William H. Lagos

William H. Lagos, Chief Financial Officer
May 14, 2009